About construction of meanings in the press discourse – the comparative approach, based on the example of Norway attacks in 2011
The purpose of the article is to describe and analyse the meanings which the media construct in relation to real events (‘événement réel’) by the example of Anders Breivik’s attacks in Norway in 2011. The paper is a comparative analysis of the media productions in three countries – Poland, France and the United Kingdom. The authors use the French Linguistic Discourse Analysis (FLAD) methods to determine the keywords (‘mot vedette’) – the most common words or phrases naming the event – reconstruct referential paradigms (‘paradigme désignationnel’) – the lists of expressions that rephrase the keywords – and then deliberate their social meanings. The article textualizes similarities and differences of the social meanings of the event in different European countries and contemplates the collective memory of Europeans.